These where made for my uncle. In a generation where every man had to be a maker, he was considered a Great maker. He restores antique cars for a hobby. He injured his feet in a car accident about 30 years ago and has been making his own shoes since then. His technique was to buy the uppers from a shoe manufacturer and then to last them on lasts that was made for his feet. After 30 years his feet had changed quite a bit so we workshop-ed the lasts to fit his feet. I designed, made and lasted the shoes. Then he gave me a lesson on shaping soles. We'll have to see if it all works well before making him another pair.